Perishable cargo are goods which may deteriorate over a given period of time or after exposure to diverse temperature, humidity or any other environmental conditions.
Typical perishable goods often transported as cargo are:
Flowers and plants (PEF)
Fish and seafood (PES)
Fresh fruit and vegetables (PEP)
Hatching eggs (HEG)
Vaccines, medical supplies and live organs (LHO)
Basic rules regarding shipments of perishable goods:
1. Perishable cargo may only be accepted when it is possible to reach the final destination in good conditions.
2. Before transportation takes place the following points must be checked:
- Transport must be in legal accordance with the law in the port of origin, destination port and all transit ports.
- The package is properly packed.
- The package is accompanied by all requested documents.
- It is a must not to endanger the aircraft, its crew or its property in any way.
- Arranging all special handling facilities such as re-icing.
- Shipper must be informed about the latest delivery time to the airport before the take off.
- All reservations must be made and confirmed.
3. The shipper should provide written instructions regarding maximum acceptable duration of transportation and any special handling requirements. This instruction must be stipulated in the air waybill as well as on the packages.
4. The shipper is responsible for a proper packaging according to the kind of shipment. The packing should:
- Protect against folding
- Keeping appropriate temperature
- Separating the package from other packages
5. It is forbidden to consolidate PER goods on AWB together with other goods. Perishable goods should be sent on separate AWB
6. Each package containing perishable goods should be labeled with "PERISHABLE" labels and "This way up" labels if necessary, or with other labels.
7. In the shipment documents (AWB and CM) it should mark what kind of perishable goods is in the package.
8. The shipper is obliged to put additional information regarding storage conditions and delivery to the receiver in "handling information" .
9. Health certificates and other permissions should be mentioned in "handling information" and attached to the AWB.
10. Every shipment containing flowers, plants, fresh fruit or vegetables must be accompanied by a sanitary certificate issued by authorities of the country of export .